Extraordinary Climate Conditions: Climate change, Paris Agreement, countries, industries and humanity… What exactly does the crisis that the world has been drawn into, and how to get out of it; we evaluated for you.
After more than 10,000 years of relative equilibrium, with the complete civilization of humanity, the Earth’s climate began to change. As average temperatures rose, climate scientists identified acute risks such as heat waves and frequent floods, as well as chronic dangers such as drought and sea level rise. Climate scientists are certain that the effects of physical deterioration associated with changing climate will be greater over the next ten to thirty years. Read more information below about extraordinary climate conditions.
Extraordinary Climate Conditions
The physical risks that the changing climate will create in the current situation and in the future are explained in 9 different characters:
- Increase: It is thought that the physical effects of climate change will increase until 2030 and these effects will continue until 2050.
- Spatial: Climate hazards are expressed locally. Therefore, risk factors should be evaluated according to the contexts of geographically defined areas. There may be differences between countries and even within the same country.
- Non-resident: As the world continues to warm, the physical risks of the climate will continue to change and spread. Climate scientists say that these risks can only be stopped by zeroing greenhouse gas emissions.
- Nonlinear: It is only a matter of time before socioeconomic blows will occur, in which physical, man-made or ecological systems will be less functioning or stop altogether. This is because existing systems have been optimized with the usual climate approach.
- Systemic: Although the impacts of climate change will be seen locally, due to interconnected socioeconomic and financial systems; its effects will hit regions and sectors in an instant.
- Regressive: It is expected that poor communities and populations will be most negatively affected by climate change. The spatial inequality created by the climate danger will benefit some regions, while simultaneously devastating in others.
- Unreadiness: While companies and communities adopt policies to reduce climate risk, it will soon be too late to invest or relocate people and assets due to rising costs and difficult decisions to be made.
The temperature of the planet we live on has increased by 1.1 ° C since the 1880s. This change was confirmed by both satellite measurements and analysis from tens of thousands of independent weather stations around the world. Scientists also see the thinning layer of ice on the planet’s surface as evidence. A warming at this rate is the highest in the past 65 million years. Continue reading to read more information about extraordinary climate conditions.
The distribution of temperature is shifting towards warmer degrees and expanding. This shows that the average temperatures in many locations will rise higher and warmer days await us.
2020; According to the annual climate report of the World Meteorology Organization, it is the second warmest year measured after 2016; recorded as one of the hottest 3 years in history. Read additional analysis related to extraordinary climate conditions.
According to the analysis made by the Center for Earth Systems and Climate Change of the National Environmental Science program, 2020 spring in Australia was reported to be a “hot spring that would be encountered every 500 thousand years if there was no human-induced climate change factor”.
During the period when the world warmed 1.1 ° C globally, the temperature rose 0.2 ° C and 0.5 to 4-4.3 ° C in the southern parts of Africa and the poles. Generally speaking, the soil surface is warming faster than the global average of 1.1 ° C, and the oceans are warming less while reaching higher heat capacity. Below is additional information you should read about extraordinary climate conditions.
Climate science tells us that further warming is inevitable for at least the next decade. With the increase in the global average in temperature, global dangers due to climate change are predicted to increase. The year 2020 witnessed significant examples in this sense. Looking at the tides in Florida, the water level rose at least 14 days a year, above its average in 2005 and 2017. Due to temperatures reaching 50 ° C in the north of India, it was decided to stop all outdoor work throughout the country. In some parts of Brazil, twice a season harvests fell to one. And this list goes on and on. Below is additional information about extraordinary climate conditions.
Climate change will also change human life by affecting the factors of production that form the basis of economic activities. Because along with human life, physical and natural capitals will also be turned upside down. We can categorize this change as follows:
- Liveability and operability: Dangers such as heat pressure can affect the ability of human beings to work outdoors, and in extreme cases, human life itself.
In the Lancet Countdown Health and Climate Change 2020 report, it is stated that the elderly population who lost their lives due to extreme temperatures between 2000 and 2018 increased by 54%, and in 2018, 296 thousand people over the age of 65 died due to extreme temperatures.
- Food systems: While changing climatic conditions may improve food system performance in some regions, food production can be disrupted by drought, extreme temperatures, or floods and erosion that affect the soil.
- Physical assets: Physical assets like buildings can be damaged by heavy rainfall, tidal floods, forest fires and other hazards.
- Infrastructure services: Just like physical assets, infrastructure services can be destroyed or damaged depending on their functions.
- Natural beings: Climate change is transforming the ecosystem that provides important resources to human communities and is devastating in the forms of natural entities such as glaciers, forests and oceans.
It is expected that decision makers and business people will take measures against climate risk with the right tools, analyzes, processes and administrations against all these struggles to be encountered. This is where the Paris Climate Agreement comes into play. Keep reading to get more information about extraordinary climate conditions.
The Paris Agreement was adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) held in Paris in 2015, as the Kyoto Protocol will expire in 2020, to be effective after 2020. The agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016, with the condition that at least 55 countries, which make up 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions, have ratified the agreement as of October 5, 2016. Although the agreement was accepted with the approval of 195 countries, it is considered a historical turning point on a global scale, but this does not mean that the climate change problem is solved. Read more information below about extraordinary climate conditions.
The long-term goal of the agreement includes the continuation of global efforts to keep the global average temperature increase below 2 ° C compared to the pre-industrial period and to limit this increase to 1.5 ° C. Increasing adaptability and climate resistance against the adverse effects of climate change; Another main goal is to ensure development with low greenhouse gas emissions and not harm food production while they are being achieved. Finally, stabilizing the flow of finance on the path to low emission and climate resilient development is among the goals. Why not start doing something to avoid extraordinary climate conditions.
In the United Nations Energy Program report, which evaluates greenhouse gas emissions for 2020, it was stated that despite the 2 ° C firing target set by the Paris Climate Agreement, global warming has increased above 3 ° C. These signs are serious and we should always remember these kind of extraordinary climate conditions to save our planet.
At the Climate Summit held on the fifth anniversary of the Paris Climate Agreement, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres called on world leaders to declare a “Climate Emergency” until carbon neutralization in their countries is achieved. Although 38 countries have declared the climate state of emergency so far, it is a serious criticism that G20 countries spend 50% more on fossil fuels compared to low carbon energy. Each person think globally and act locally against the extraordinary climate conditions.
According to the statement made by the United Nations Energy Program, the 7% decrease in carbon emission due to the pandemic will reduce the temperature by only 1 in a thousand until 2050. Extraordinary climate conditions are signs we should consider as a serious warning from planet earth.
The UK has announced that it plans to reduce carbon emissions by 68% and the European Union by 55% by 2030. India will soon more than double its renewable energy target. China will increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to about 25% by 2030. China, which is responsible for 28% of the global carbon emissions in the world, targets carbon neutral by 2060. Please remember that extraordinary climate conditions are critical signs for us.
Sweden is at the top of the list of countries that do not follow the Paris Agreement goals in combating climate change, while Portugal and New Zealand are among the fastest rising. Announcing its withdrawal from the deal, the US is ranked 61st and at the end of the ranking. Please consider extraordinary climate conditions and act accordingly as an individual.
Industrial sectors as well as countries are on the target of greenhouse gas emission restrictions. Considering the fact that the fashion industry alone produces greenhouse gases as much as the economies of France, Germany and the United Kingdom, and is responsible for 4% of emissions globally, it is inevitable that a total change is required. Extraordinary climate conditions are signs of a dying earth.
Companies play a big role here; In order to reduce emission rates, brands must improve their own operations. It is necessary to develop mixed materials, such as the use of recycled fibers, to increase the use of sustainable transport vehicles, to use recycled and lightweight materials in packaging, to minimize returns and, most importantly, to prevent overproduction. Extraordinary climate conditions is an open sign from planet earth.
If all these headings are fulfilled across the fashion industry, the target of 308 trillion tons of carbon dioxide reduction by 2030 can be achieved.
With the responsibility of “looking at the world” and “seeing the world”, which have come to light with the pandemic, vital duties fall on all humanity and each person. You can include sustainable living practices in your daily life to avoid this problem at the individual level. Let’s think globally and act locally to minimize extraordinary climate conditions.