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Animal Protein vs Plant Protein: Approximately 20% of the human body consists of protein. Since the body does not store protein, it is important that we get enough from our diet every day. We can get protein from many food sources, including plants and animals.
Protein is broken down into amino acids, which are building blocks after digestion in the body. Proteins and amino acids are used for almost every metabolic process in the body. However, the types of amino acids contained in different proteins can vary greatly.
Animal proteins tend to contain a good balance of all the amino acids we need, while some plant proteins are poor due to certain amino acids. Plant proteins, in particular, are generally low in methionine, tryptophan, lichin and isoleucine. Continue reading to get more info on Animal Protein vs Plant Protein.
Animal Protein vs Plant Protein
Overview of Amino Acids
In total, there are about 20 amino acids that the human body uses to build protein. These are classified as essential or not. Our body can produce non-essential amino acids itself. However, it cannot produce the basic ones and it is necessary to meet them with a balanced diet.
For optimal health, our body needs all essential amino acids in the correct proportions. Animal protein sources such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs and dairy products are similar to the protein found in our bodies. These are considered complete protein sources as they contain all the essential amino acids your body needs to function effectively.
Plant protein sources such as beans, lentils, and nuts are considered deficient because they lack one or more of the essential amino acids our bodies need. Some sources report that soy protein is a complete protein, but soy has only small amounts of the two essential amino acids, so it cannot be compared to animal protein. Animal foods are the highest quality protein sources. Plant sources do not contain one or more amino acids, making it difficult for you to get all the amino acids your body needs. Animal Protein vs Plant Protein – What’s the Difference?
Which Nutrients Found in Animal Foods More?
Vitamin B12: Vitamin B12 is mainly found in fish, meat, poultry and dairy products.
Vitamin D: Vitamin D is found in oily fish, eggs and dairy products. Some herbs contain it, but the kind found in animal foods is better by your body.
DHA: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an essential omega-3 oil found in oily fish. It is important for brain health and is difficult to obtain from plant sources.
Heme-iron: Heme-iron is found mainly in meat, especially red meat. It is absorbed much better in the body than non-heme iron in plant foods.
Zinc: Zinc is mainly found in animal protein sources such as beef, pork, and lamb. It is also more easily absorbed and used than animal protein sources.
Natural plants contain plenty of nutrients that lack animal foods. Therefore, eating balanced amounts of both is the best way to get all the nutrients you need.
Potential Risks of Excessive Red Meat Consumption
Red meat is a high-quality source of protein. Several observational studies have linked red meat consumption to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and premature death. Animal Protein vs Plant Protein.
However, some studies have suggested that the problem is not with all red meats but with processed red meat. Also, a large review of 20 studies found that processed meat is associated with an increased risk of heart disease and diabetes. However, the same relationship was not found for unprocessed red meat. A different study suggested that replacing 1 serving of red meat per day with 1 serving of poultry was associated with a lower risk of stroke. Animal Protein vs Plant Protein.
Health Benefits of Plant-based Nutrition
Diets high in plant protein, such as the vegetarian diet, are associated with many health benefits. A diet high in plant protein is linked to a lower risk of heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. Animal Protein vs Plant Protein.
Studies show that vegetarians tend to have lower body weight, lower cholesterol, and lower blood pressure levels. They also have a lower risk of death from stroke, cancer, and heart disease than non-vegetarians. A study conducted on people with type 2 diabetes found that replacing 2 servings of red meat with legumes 3 days a week improved cholesterol and blood sugar. Animal Protein vs Plant Protein.
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However, it is important to remember that observational studies only report statistical relationships. The positive effects of plant nutrition on health are not entirely due to the elimination of meat or other sources of animal protein. The thing to consider is that people who follow vegetarian diets tend to have higher health awareness compared to the general population. Therefore, the health benefits of vegetarian diets are due to healthier diets and lifestyles in general, rather than any natural differences between plant and animal proteins. Animal Protein vs Plant Protein.
Evidence for optimal health supports a diet low in processed meat, rich in plant protein, and some animal sources such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs and dairy products. Animal Protein vs Plant Protein.
Since plant protein sources do not have all of them in terms of amino acid content, vegetarians and vegans should combine a variety of foods to make sure they get all the amino acids they need. Herbal nutrition programs in which a correct and adequate herbal diet is consumed can be healthy. The important thing in the adequate protein intake of vegan and vegetarian diets is to provide diversity in the diet. The need for protein can be completed with a well-planned diet.
In order to increase the quality of protein and the necessary building blocks for the body, it is necessary to use grain sources as well as dry legumes. Lentil + bulgur, dried beans + rice etc. like. Apart from legumes, tofu products and milk obtained from oil seeds or grains can also be preferred to meet the protein need. Vegetarians can enrich their diets with milk and dairy products in order to get enough protein. For meat eaters, maintaining the right balance between both animal and plant foods is important for maintaining health. Thanks for reading Animal Protein vs Plant Protein.